We have put together some photos from previous “Who’s living on my land?” surveys to help you identify mammal species that you may find on your property.

This ID guide is a work in progress – so watch this space!

Macropods (Kangaroos)

Eastern Grey Kangaroo (Macropus giganteus)

What to look out for:

  • Larger than wallabies
  • About ¼ of tail is black, which fades to grey
  • Grey face (no stripes) and body. Paler on underparts
  • Black outline around eye
  • Males are much larger than females – bulky arms and chest

Similar species

  • Common Wallaroo (M. robustus) – these are bulkier and shaggier
Eastern Grey Kangaroo
Eastern Grey Kangaroo (Macropus giganteus)

Red-necked Wallaby (Macropus rufogriseus)

What to look out for:

  • Red neck and shoulders
  • White cheek stripe
  • Black ear tips and stripe between eyes
  • Black paws
  • Pale tail (can be darker at tip)

Similar species

  • Swamp Wallaby (Wallabia bicolor) – similar size, darker in colour and chunkier
  • Eastern Grey Kangaroo (Macropus giganteus)- darker tip of tail, no red colouring or black lined ears
Red-necked Wallaby
Red-necked Wallaby (Macropus rufogriseus)

Swamp Wallaby (Wallabia bicolor)

What to look out for:

  • Dark fur, paler on underparts
  • White cheek stripe
  • Stumpy arms
  • Thick black tail (can have white tip)

Similar species

  • Similar size to Red-necked wallaby except has black tail
  • Stocky like a Wallaroo except much smaller
Swamp Wallaby
Swamp Wallaby (Wallabia bicolor)

Common Wallaroo (Macropus robustus)

What to look out for:

  • Really variable colour coat – Red/grey/black
  • Shaggy coat
  • Very stocky (Males 2-3x the size of Females)

Similar species

  • Eastern Grey Kangaroo (M. giganteus) – much more chunky

Medium mammals

Common Wombat (Vombatus ursinus)

What to look out for:

  • No hairs on the nose
  • Short rounded ears
  • Broad head
  • Stocky and strong body
  • Shaggy fur
Wombat
Wombat (Vombatus ursinus)

Small Mammals (Rats, mice and antechinus

Black Rat (Rattus rattus) – introduced species

What to look out for:

  • Tail longer than the body length
  • Pointy nose
  • Large ears

Similar species

  • Bush Rat (R. fuscipes) – tail is much longer
Black Rat
Black Rat (Rattus rattus)

Introduced Species

Fox (Vulpes vulpes)

What to look out for:

  • Red coat
  • White underparts
  • Bushy tail
European Red Fox
European Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes)

 


Reference:

Menkhorst, P. and Knight, F. 2004. A Field Guide to the Mammals of Australia (2nd edition), Oxford University Press.

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